Neuropsychology meets Johari Window

The 4 Selves & Johari Window

In Cognitive Principle Therapy [CPT] there are four selves.

1.           Two of those come from From Daniel Kahneman 's "Thinking, Fast and Slow" [2011], who states "The Remembering self can expose the Experiencing self to unnecessary pain" and "The distinction between the two selves is applied to the measurement of well-being"

  • System 1 -Remembering Self [Subconscious]
  • System-2 Experiencing Self [Conscious]

2. In CPT the Real self [Subconscious-System1] started pure [at birth] but was corrupted by shortfalls in the "Attachment" principles of Trust, Respect, Acceptance and Commitment, which caused "unresolved issues" which sit in the "Remembering self" in System1. Instinctual drives cause "System 1" to restore the "Real self" by fixing the unresolved issues. The conscious mind is not necessarily aware that this process is occurring or how powerful it is in everyday life.

3. In CPT the "Observable self" is used by the conscious mind to observe, but not to think [judge]. It observes the BAD signals, where "B" is Balance, "A" is Alignment and "D" is Direction. If this is done correctly System 1 [subconscious] will reveal to the conscious mind the weaknesses in BAD and how to fix them. It is the unresolved issues which cause System1 to get out of balance, alignment and direction.




The Johari window was first developed in 1955 and used to explain types of awareness. It now can be related to the four selves:

Experiencing self: Known by self [always]

Experiencing  self: Known by Others [sometimes], blind spot to self.

Remembering self: Not know to Others [unless they experience it]

Real self: Unknown to self [unless high self-awareness]

Observable self: Role is to look into the window, without thinking.

In CPT the 7 systems need Balance, Alignment and Direction to enable energy and information to flow through the body and mind. They are guided by 7 rules and follow 7 groups of principles and they rise through the hierarchy of needs. If the rules and systems fail then problems occur someone in the hierarchy.


In CPT and  Polyvagal theory, there is "Vagal brake" which controls emotions. Core beliefs and Impulse control [In CPT these called Influencing principles including, courage, calmness, self-control, patience, persistance and assertiveness] work together to keep the vagal brake on. If either or both fail, then the vagal brake is switched off, and emotions get out of balance.


Automatic Thoughts in the Head Brain and Core Beliefs in the Gut Brain need to be aligned otherwise blockages occur in the flow of energy and information throughout the body.

NOTE: TPN is the conscious mind or System2, while DMN is the subconscious mind or System1. ANS is the Autonomic Nervous System.


Is the direction of the flow between the TPN & the DMN. Is there functional or dysfunctional control by the conscious mind over the flow of energy and information between the two systems.

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