The Shadow-Jung, Johari Window & CPM
Based on the works of some of the most recent writers in the 21st century, Jung’s Shadow theory is more relevant today than it was in early 1900’s when it was published, particularly for Western Societies. The Cognitive Principle Matrix [CPM] brings together three writers to explain the importance of The Shadow:
· Daniel Kahnemans’ “Thinking Fast and Slow”  The concept that the main system, “System 1” is the dominant system, rather than the conscious mind, “System 2”. System 1 is faster [one million times] and has all the memory [short and long term] and the conscience, which identifies The Shadow.
· Iain McGilchrists’. The “The Master and his Emissary-The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World” . The Master is “System 1” and the Apprentice [System 2]. In the Western World the Apprentice thinks it is the Master. It ignores or resists “The Shadow”
· Stephen Porges’ “Clinical Applications of The Polyvagal Theory”. This book is the catalyst for bring together the first two writers. The nervous system controls the body. The purpose of System 1 is to keep the body safe. Higher needs cannot be met by System 2, if lower needs are not met in System 1.
Jungian version of the Shadow.-From Wikipedia
In Jungian psychology, the shadow (also known as id, shadow aspect, or shadow archetype) is either an unconscious aspect of the personality that the conscious ego does not identify in itself; or the entirety of the unconscious, i.e., everything of which a person is not fully conscious. In short, the shadow is the unknown side.
From one perspective, the shadow "is roughly equivalent to the whole of the Freudian unconscious;" and Carl Jung himself asserted that "the result of the Freudian method of elucidation is a minute elaboration of man's shadow-side unexampled in any previous age.":63 Contrary to a Freudian definition of shadow, however, the Jungian shadow can include everything outside the light of consciousness and may be positive or negative. Because one tends to reject or remain ignorant of the least desirable aspects of one's personality, the shadow is largely negative. There are, however, positive aspects that may also remain hidden in one's shadow (especially in people with low self-esteem, anxieties, and false beliefs). "Everyone carries a shadow," Jung wrote, "and the less it is embodied in the individual's conscious life, the blacker and denser it is." It may be, in part, one's link to more primitive animal instincts, which are superseded during early childhood by the conscious mind.
Jung stated the shadow to be the unknown dark side of the personality. According to Jung, the shadow, in being instinctive and irrational, is prone to psychological projection, in which a perceived personal inferiority is recognized as a perceived moral deficiency in someone else. Jung writes that if these projections remain hidden, "the projection-making factor (the Shadow archetype) then has a free hand and can realize its object—if it has one—or bring about some other situation characteristic of its power." These projections insulate and harm individuals by acting as a constantly thickening veil of illusion between the ego and the real world.
The Shadow in Cognitive Principle Matrix.[CPM]
In CPM the Shadow sits between the Real Self and both the Remembering Self and the Experiencing Self.
The Real Self is perfection of System 1[or the Subconscious or the Right Hemisphere]. Perfection is achieved with all three self’s are aligned and all are integrated to achieve the following three goals:
· Control-The whole person feels safe and all their basic needs are met.
· Engagement- They are at one with every other person and with all other living things.
· Meaning-Is achieved in having hope, love, peace and joy in attaining or trying to attain the first two goals.
JOHARI WINDOW-And the Shadow
The Real Self is the conscience. Its role [adaption of polyvagal theory] is to achieve the highest level of safety which is engagement. In CPM engagement has a wider definition and includes engagement to others, to animals and to all living things in the environment. It is part of the evolutionary system, driving humans and is based on keeping the environment safe, so that we can be safe over the long run.
If the Experiencing Self or the Remembering Self stray from the Real Self then the Real Self takes over the subconscious mind and tries to force the other two self’s to change.
In CPM the Shadow, in Johari Window terms, is both the “Blind Spot” and the “Unknown Spot”. With the “unknown spot” others can see our behaviour as a symptom of the shadow, without knowing the core belief which is driving the behaviour. They may point out our behaviour to us, but the fear of the unknown prevents us from exploring the shadow.
Jung & “Projection of the Shadow”
“Jung stated the shadow to be the unknown dark side of the personality. According to Jung, the shadow, in being instinctive and irrational, is prone to psychological projection, in which a perceived personal inferiority is recognized as a perceived moral deficiency in someone else. Jung writes that if these projections remain hidden, "the projection-making factor (the Shadow archetype) then has a free hand and can realize its object—if it has one—or bring about some other situation characteristic of its power." These projections insulate and harm individuals by acting as a constantly thickening veil of illusion between the ego and the real world”-Wikipedia.
In later works Jung stated that Projection can be by an individual, a group or a community. The greater the division within the community, eg between the rich and the poor or ethnic groups, then the greater chance of community projection by groups.
Western societies have moved towards System2 with higher level goals aimed for more power, money or status, rather than system 1 goal of safety. Moving away from System 1 has created a larger shadow and more projection by both individuals and groups.