“Who am I?”- A conceptual answer using Cognitive Principle Matrix
Introduction-history. The development of this model commenced in 2003. The CPM uses principles, which are values and emotions, because principles provide a standard to which all elements in the matrix can be converted, similar to using a monetary currency to compare non-financial transactions. This is an introduction to the 2021 version which will be released in more detail in the next few months.
The answer to “Who Am I?” addresses both human nature and the human condition.
Human nature is the fundamental temperament and traits of humans. There is a complex interaction between genetically inherited factors and developmental and social factors. Basic drives shared with other primates are related to food, sex, security, play, and social status.
Human condition is all of the characteristics and key events that compose the essentials of human existence, including birth, growth, emotion, aspiration, conflict, and mortality. CPM analyses the human condition from the perspective of psychology.
The conceptual answer to the question “Who am I” is an integration of many different concepts such as:
- The concept of “I” the self. A rework of Freud's three self’s, the Ego, the Id and the Super Ego. These are redefined and relabeled as “Experiencing Self”, the “Remembering Self” and the “Real Self.” The first two are Daniel Kahneman's terms for self. The Real Self also becomes known as the “Conscience”.
- Jungs’ “The Shadow exists between the Real Self and both the Experiencing Self and the Remembering self. The Shadow operates at the bottom three levels [ incl 1 & 1A] of the CPMatrix, while the Real Self operates at the top three levels of the Matrix. The Experiencing and Remembering self’s move through the whole 7 levels.
- The original starting point was based on Stephen Covey’s “Seven Habits of Highly Effective People”. Covey based his book on the study of the “Character ethic” versus the “Personality ethic.” The character ethic aligned to the Real self and the personality ethic aligns to the Experiencing self.
- Reworks Maslow's original “Hierarchy of Needs” by changing the order, from child development needs to adult needs.
- Splits the conscious and subconscious mind into two separate systems, using Daniel Kahneman's “System 1” and “System 2” At the same time aligns Dr. Iain McGilchrists’ “The Master” with System 1 [right hemisphere], the subconscious mind and “The Apprentice” with System 2 [left hemisphere], the conscious mind.
- System 1, the dominant system is driven by the nervous system. The model uses Stephen Porges’ Polyvagal theory as a basis for this concept. The highest nerve of the three polyvagal nerves, namely, the sympathetic [fight-flight], the parasympathetic [split into two nerves, the freeze & engagement nerves], is the engagement nerve.
- The purpose of the right brain [system 1] is to keep the body safe. The engagement nerve is the highest level of safety after physical safety [eg. food, clothing, shelter] is attained. The ultimate instinctive goal of the engagement nerve is to achieve “oneness” with all living things, that is, humans, animals and plants. This is an evolutionary goal for survival. Oneness is achieved when humans can rise to their highest spiritual level and overcome their human need which is based on fear and greed.
- The are seven levels of attachment [or engagement] to reach "oneness". Correction to attachment occurs during a "midlife crisis", that is an emotional age of 35-45 years. Oneness is achieved when you rise above your human nature [based on fear and greed] and attach to your spirit.
- The Real self [the conscience] is located within System 1 and constantly monitors 'The Shadow" of the Experiencing self [System 2] and the Remembering self [System 1]. The Real self sends messages to the Experiencing self to return to the Real Self or otherwise suffer the consequences. The Experiencing self chooses to change or not. It can’t change if it lacks awareness. At a subconscious level the Real self cannot cease trying to remove "The Shadow" of the Remembering self to align it with the Real self. The Real self works on alignment by forcing the Experiencing self to relive the past, even though the Experiencing self may be unaware of this. For example, the Real self will determine which life partner you select, so as to correct the dysfunctional Remembering self. The Observable self is the Experiencing self when it is in a neutral state and not thinking [mindfulness]
- The conscious mind [Experiencing self] understands time, however, the subconscious mind [Real self and the Remembering self] does not use time, is uses a pattern matching and predictive system.
- The system operates on three levels, namely, Control, Attachment and Meaning. The system down regulates for safety, therefore control is first.
- If there is dysfunctional control then the process is shown below. It uses one of the 16 dysfunctional personality styles which supports the action.
- The System is based on the Rachels' Default Mode Network [subconscious mind]. The Task Positive Network [conscious mind] uses a lot of energy, so the system defaults to save energy. Rachel states that primary role of the DMN is relating self to others.
- In the model, the Real self is a set of principles based on achieving “oneness”. Oneness is based on engagement or attachment of which there are seven principles, namely, trust, respect, acceptance, commitment, empathy, compassion and caring. Also, there are seven areas of human focus, namely, spiritual health, physical health, mental and emotional health, financial satisfaction, work satisfaction, family oneness and community oneness.
- There are core beliefs which support each of the seven principles and each of the seven areas of life has its’ own core beliefs. The core beliefs are peculiar to each person based on their genetics and their cultural upbringing.
- The model follows the theory that the body only senses and feels, that is, has basic emotions. These arise from the nervous system and are “happy” when the Real self needs are met, and unhappy when the needs are not meet, that is, it senses or feels “fear”, “anger” or “sadness”. All other emotions are created by System 2 [conscious mind], based on the theory of Lisa Feldman Barrett “How Emotions are Made”
- The model is based on a seven level hierarchy. Christian Kromme in his 2017 book “Humanification” identified that there are seven levels in nature and that Maslow’s hierarchy was originally based on seven levels. In 2018 the model was changed to seven levels.
- The model includes seven rules which can be applied to each of the seven levels. The rules provide the pathway to create a good habit so as to restore the Remembering self to the Real Self. The seven rules are:
1st Rule: Conscious versus Subconscious.2nd Rule: Principle Thinking versus Negative Comparative Thinking3th Rule: Influence versus Concern
4th Rule: Support versus Challenge
5th Rule: Behavior versus the Person
6th Rule: Control versus Responsibility.
7th Rule: Inside versus Outside
- The model incorporates seven systems which help connect the three selfs. The seven systems are the integrated system, the evolution system, the control system, the attachment system, the homeostatis system and the cybernetic system.
- The system categorizes all behaviours into seven types, one at each level of the CPM hierarchy. Behavior is an external symptom of an internal event. The behaviours can be matched to the polyvagal nervous system.
- The system incorporates the four brains, namely, the Head, the Heart, the Gut and the Spirit brain. The Spirit brain has not yet been found within the body. However, based on the theory of “Oneness”, at this stage it is assumed to be located inside every living cell, which are capable of communicating in some form with each other cell.
- The system uses four types of energy, namely, positive, negative, false positive and neutral. Neutral energy overcomes negative and false positive energy. Neutral energy is aligned to spiritual principles such as hope and forgiveness. Energy and information travel through the body together. Where a person has a dominant System 2 [conscious] and over uses logic [information], they can be taught how to use energy in place of logic to improve their System 1. [Subconscious & emotions].
- The system incorporates defense systems. The Experiencing self and the Remembering self have one type of defense system based on either negative energy or false positive energy. The negative energy defenses include projection, denial, dissociation, intellectualization. The positive energy defenses include reaction formation, sublimation and perfectionism. The Real self has a different defense mechanism based on positive energy. It is positive because it does not treat the negative situation as a personal attack on Self, but as a way of resolving a negative human nature event.
- Human nature includes a person’s temperament. The CPM model only deals with dysfunctional temperaments, which are defined as those that occur after a person loses self-control [In polyvagal terms it is when vagal brake is not on, that it is, driven by "The Shadow"] The are 16 dysfunctional personality styles all of which prevent the achievement of “oneness” and cause the Experiencing self and the Remember self to deviate from the Real self.
- The Cognitive Principle Matrix forms the basis for applying Cognitive Principle Therapy.